Trade in Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization was an advanced and sophisticated civilization that flourished in the Indian subcontinent over 4,500 years ago. It was one of the earliest known urban civilizations of its time and was marked by a highly organized social system and a complex urban structure. One of its most notable features was its extensive system of trade.
Internal Trade in Indus Valley Civilization
The internal trade of the Indus Valley Civilization was highly advanced. Through the use of a sophisticated network of roads and waterways, the ancient people of the Indus Valley were able to trade their goods and services with each other. The most important centers of trade were the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. These cities were connected to each other and to other cities in the region by the vast network of roads and waterways.
Merchants used the roads and waterways to transport goods such as cotton, spices, and jewelry. These goods were then exchanged for other goods or services. The Indus Valley Civilization had a thriving internal trade economy, with merchants from all over the region trading their goods and services.
Trade in Indus Valley Civilization was very advanced with trading networks, which connected it to other regions and civilizations of the ancient world. Trade was a major part of the Indus Valley economy and its trading activities involved the exchange of goods and services. The trading networks of the Indus Valley Civilization were well developed and included both long distance and local trade.
Foreign Trade in Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the earliest and most advanced civilizations of its time. This advanced culture was able to sustain itself through the use of trade. In the Indus Valley, trade was conducted with cities in Mesopotamia, Persia, Central Asia, and the North West Frontier Province of India. Exports from the Indus Valley included cotton, spices, and precious metals. Imports included metals, jewelry, and other goods. Trade was also conducted through barter and the use of coins. The Indus Valley system of trade was advanced and efficient, providing the people with access to goods that otherwise would have been difficult to obtain.
Long-distance trade was conducted with other regions such as Mesopotamia, the Persian Gulf and Central Asia. This trade was facilitated by the use of boats and ships, which enabled merchants to transport goods over large distances. The Indus Valley Civilization also engaged in trade with the Harappan cities, which were located in the Indus Valley region. This local trade involved the exchange of commodities such as grain, textiles, pottery and metals.
Currency of Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization used a variety of items as currency. These included small weights made of chert stone, shells, and copper, which were used to measure and trade goods. These weights were inscribed with symbols, which were possibly used to denote the value of the item. Other items that were used as currency were beads made of precious stones, copper and faience. These beads were often strung together in the form of necklaces, bracelets, and armbands to be used for trading.
The Indus Valley Civilization was also known for its use of coins as a form of currency. This system of currency enabled merchants to easily conduct trade with other civilizations. The coins were typically made of silver, copper and bronze and were often decorated with symbols of religious and political importance.
Trade was an important part of the Indus Valley Civilization and it helped to spread the culture, ideas and technology of the civilization. It also helped to create an interconnected network of cultures which was able to exchange goods, services, ideas and technology. This trading network allowed the Indus Valley Civilization to gain access to resources and goods which would not have been available without the trading networks.
What type of goods were traded in the Indus Valley Civilization?
What were the major trading networks used in the Indus Valley Civilization?
The Oxus-Indus Trade Network was the most important, connecting the Indus Valley Civilization with ancient cities in the region such as Taxila and Ujjain. This network facilitated the exchange of goods such as jewelry, pottery, and textiles.
How did different trading partners communicate in the Indus Valley Civilization?
Additionally, it is likely that merchants and other traders used a form of written communication, such as symbols or pictographs, to record and communicate their transactions.
What methods of payment were used in the Indus Valley Civilization?
The coins were stamped with symbols and had a standardized weight and size. This system of trade allowed the Indus Valley Civilization to become one of the most advanced civilizations of its time.
What types of transportation were used to carry goods in the Indus Valley Civilization?
What impact did trade have on the economy of the Indus Valley Civilization?
Trade also allowed the Indus Valley Civilization to acquire raw materials and resources that were not available locally, such as timber, metals, and precious stones. This enabled them to develop and improve their infrastructure and advance their craftsmanship.
Additionally, trading with other civilizations provided a source of income, which allowed the Indus Valley Civilization to expand their economy and develop a higher standard of living.
How did trading techniques evolve over time in the Indus Valley Civilization?
In addition, the Indus Valley Civilization also developed a system of long-distance trade routes that connected their civilization to distant places, like the Mesopotamian civilization. This allowed them to exchange goods and services with other cultures, which helped to expand their economy and wealth. As technology advanced, so did their trading techniques, becoming more efficient and sophisticated.
What role did merchants play in the Indus Valley Civilization?
They also served as intermediaries between the cities and other civilizations, allowing for cultural exchange and the dissemination of new ideas. The Indus Valley Civilization was able to thrive thanks to the activities of the merchants who enabled its cities to interact with and benefit from the wider world.